Social statistics is the use of statistical measurement systems to study human behavior in a social environment. This can be accomplished through polling a particular group of people, evaluating a particular subset of data obtained about a group of people, or by observation and statistical analysis of a set of data that relates to people and their behaviors.
Often, social scientists are employed in the evaluation of the quality of services of a particular group or organization, in analyzing behaviors of groups of people in their environment and special situations, or even in determining the wants or needs of people through statistical sampling.
tatistics in the Social Sciences
Statistics and statistical analyses have become a key feature of contemporary social science. Statistics is and has been perhaps most important in economics and psychology that have incorporated and relied primarily on statistical analyses as a method of argument for decades.
Recently, the use of advanced statistical analyses have become popular among the "soft" social sciences such as political science , sociology and anthropology . There is, however, currently a heated debate regarding the questionable uses and value of statistical methods in social science, especially in political science, with many important statisticians questioning the often broad policy conclusions of political scientists who often misrepresent or misunderstand the limited interpretive power that non-robust statistical methods such as simple and multiple linear regression allow. Indeed, an important mantra that social scientists cite, but often forget, is that " correlation does not imply causation."
The use of statistics has become so widespread in the social sciences that many top universities such as Harvard , have developed institutes focusing on "quantitative social science." Harvard's [http://www.iq.harvard.edu/ Institute for Quantitative Social Science] focuses mainly on fields like political science that are only now beginning to incorporate advanced causal statistical models that Bayesian methods provide.
tatistical Methods in Social Sciences
A number of methods, techniques and concepts have been developed or extensively used in various branches of quantitative social sciences. Those include, in no particular order:
* Structural Equation Modeling and factor analysis
* Latent class models
* Item response theory
* Survey methodolgy and survey sampling
ocial Science Statistics Centers
* [http://www.iq.harvard.edu/ Harvard Institute for Quantitative Social Science]
* [http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/ Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research]
* [http://www.csss.washington.edu/ Center for Statistics and Social Sciences, University of Washington]
* [http://www2.irss.unc.edu/irss/home.asp Odum Institute for Research in Social Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill]
* [http://www.socsci.soton.ac.uk/socstats/ Social Statistics at University of Southampton, UK]
* [http://www.socialsciencestatistics.com/ Social Science Statistics Center, University of Missouri, Columbia] (see also their [http://www.socialsciencestatistics.com/index.php?option=com_weblinks&catid=17&Itemid=22 links section] )
* [http://www.arts.auckland.ac.nz/departments/index.cfm?P=8770 Social Statistics Research Group, University of Auckland, New Zealand]
tatistical Databases for Social Science
* [http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/ Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research]
* [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/ UN Statistics Division- Demographic and Social Statistics]
* [http://www.oecd.org/home/0,2987,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)]
* [http://www.bls.gov US Bureau of Labor Statistics]
* [http://laborsta.ilo.org/ International Labour Organisation- LABORSTA]
* [http://www.laborresearch.org/econ_stats.php Labor Research Association] - Statistics for Labor Economics
* [http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/lwp/unionstats.html Labor and Worklife Program- Labor Stats] at Harvard Law School
* List of statistical packages
*Irvine, John, Miles, Ian, Evans, Jeff, (editors), "Demystifying Social Statistics ", London : Pluto Press, 1979. ISBN 0861040694
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Image File history File links No higher resolution available. . United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. .
USA Football is an independent non-profit organization whose purpose is to support and expand football at all amateur levels. The first national advocacy group created for this purpose, USA Football was launched in December 2002 and received initial funding from the National Football League and the NFL Players Association, through the NFL Youth Football Fund.Governor's Cup
In August 2006, USA Football awarded Mississippi the Governor's Cup as the Best Football State. The criteria was based on a weighted scale developed by the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. The criteria was based on the amount of football played in the state weighted with the total population. This article is about the U.S. state. . The Wharton School Wharton School is the business school of University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. .Partner Organizations
American Sport Education Program
American Youth Football
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National Alliance for Youth Sports
National Association of Sports Officials
National Athletic Testing System
National Athletic Trainers' Association
National Council of Youth Sports
National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame
National Recreation and Park Association
Positive Coaching Alliance
- The Amateur Athletic Union, widely known as the AAU, was formed in United States. . AFCA logo The American Football Coaches Association is an association of football coaches on all levels and is responsible for the Coaches Poll that determines the national champion each year. . The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. . The Black Coaches Association (BCA) is a non-profit organization whose primary purpose is to foster the growth and development of ethnic minorities at all levels of sports both nationally and internationally. It currently is focused on athletics in North America, including professional leagues, college sports and high school athletics. . Boys & Girls Clubs of America (BGCA) is a national non-profit youth organization that links together individual clubs throughout the United States with the aim of providing places to go, activities, health and fitness enhancement, and programs for young people. . IFAF Logo International Federation of American Football (IFAF) is the international governing body of American football associations outside of the United States. . A Jewish Community Center is a general recreational, social and fraternal organization serving the Jewish community in a number of cities. . The Police Athletic League (PAL) is an organization in many American police departments in which members of the police force coach young people, both boys and girls, in sports, and help with homework and other school-related activities. . The National Federation of State High School Associations (or NFHS) is the body which oversees and governs most high school interscholastic athletics and extracirriculars in the United States at the national level. . A college football game between Colorado State University and the Air Force Academy. . The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). . The current official logo of the Pop Warner Little Scholars. . Not to be confused with YWCA. This article is about the association. .External links
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One of the more important changes in Football Manager 2017 is the introduction of two new backroom staff roles. The Sports Scientist and the Data Analyst have made their first appearance in the game. In this guide we will try to explain the duties of these new backroom staff members and we will show you what their tasks will be at your club.
*NOTE: Before we start this guide we would like to emphasize that neither the Sport Scientist nor the Data Analyst have any required attributes. Their duties are done through their presence alone.DATA ANALYST
The Data Analyst provides a pre and post match news item in your inbox and that contains some analysis information. This news item has various tabs across the top, where you can access things such as heat maps, passing analysis and mistakes made by your team.PRE-MATCH REPORT
In a pre-game report a Data Analyst will give you a report on various areas of your next opponent:
The inbox message can be compared with the ‘Next Opposition’ Scout Report, but this one is more extensive.
If you don’t have a Data Analyst, your scouts will be sending the pre-game reports.
The sports scientist is a member of the medical staff and he will be assisting your physio’s. His most important job is to stop the frequency of certain types of injuries and they will help with players recovery.
If there were some attributes that would determine the quality of a Sports Scientist, we think it would be:
CHIEF ANALYST & SCIENTIST
For both backroom staff roles you are also able to sign a Head. His job can be compared with the Chief Scout and Chief Physiotherapy, but they don’t have any extra value.
There are no reported attributes that these guys need, but we expect the Man Management attribute would be a good thing for them to have. The chief has to lead the department, so he has to be able to communicate with his employees.
Find data about the U.S., such as maps and population, demographic, and economic data.What's on This Page U.S. Census Data and Statistics
The United States Census Bureau provides data about the nation’s people and economy. Every 10 years, it conducts the Population and Housing Census, in which every resident in the United States is counted. The agency also gathers data through more than 100 other surveys of households and businesses every one to five years. You can explore the results of the surveys or find popular quick facts.Frequently Requested Statistics from the U.S. Census
Get population and demographic information about the country, individual states, and more:
Explore a variety of data:Other Popular U.S. Census Information
Many government agencies have statistical information on a wide range of topics. You may need to do further research to find out which agency has the information you're looking for or can help you find it.
Remember, keywords are important when doing a search. Make sure your keywords can help narrow down the search results. For example, instead of trying a search for "education statistics," try something more specific like "campus security statistics" or "graduation rates."Federal Government Data and Statistics
These federal agency programs collect, analyze, and disseminate statistical data and information:
You may also search a federal agency's website to see what types of statistical information it provides. Find the U.S. government department or agency you want to search.State and Local Government Data and Statistics
State and local government agencies also compile and maintain statistical information. Contact a state or local government for more information:
The National Map offers mapping products from federal, state, and local partners on a variety of topics, such as recreation, environmental resources, scientific analysis, and emergency response.
Other maps cover:
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Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.Share This Page Economic & Social Impact The year was 1973. The Miami Dolphins defeated the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl VII, capping a perfect season — an accomplishment unmatched to this day.
Miami Dolphins running back Eugene "Mercury" Morris in action during the Dolphins' 14-7 victory over the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl VII. (AP Photo/NFL Photos)
Gallup surveys showed, for the first time, that football surpassed baseball as the country’s most popular sport — a status that continues today, with more than 60 percent of people telling the polling company that they are fans of professional football.
History was also in the making off the field that year. That’s when the league teamed up with United Way, pledging to build stronger, healthier communities. Today, it’s the longest-running partnership between a major sports league and a nonprofit organization.
The NFL’s four decades of work with United Way is just one example of its commitment to public service. Here are other ways the league gives back to the broader community and to those who play, watch, participate in or just love football.GIVING BACK TO COMMUNITIES AND INSTITUTIONS
The NFL Foundation , a nonprofit organization representing the 32 NFL teams, focuses on the issues most important to the game — youth football, protecting players, and community involvement. Since 1973, the foundation has contributed nearly $370 million to charities and youth football programs.
The Value of FootballThe Value of Football
Football is inherently quantifiable: passing yards, rushing yards, carries, receptions, sacks, touchdowns, wins, losses. All can be counted, compared and analyzed. But the real value of football is far greater than its statistics.
The NFL makes a difference on and off the field. As the steward of a sport enjoyed by millions of fans, the NFL has a special responsibility to use its platform to promote causes that improve the health and well-being of its fans and players and the support the communities in which they live.
Football has the power to positively influence players and fans of all ages. While everyone’s connection with football is personal, most stories share common themes:
The NFL is committed to preserving these and many other qualities that make football great. And football gives back — the game, the league, its teams and its players all play important roles by raising money, giving their time and volunteering in their communities.
The NFL does this for its players and its fans, and to honor the proud legacy of a sport that has changed lives and created millions of fans and players around the globe. We do this for football, a sport with value beyond the numbers.
The NFL continues to make tremendous progress in its efforts to protect our players. Our collaborations on major research puts the NFL on a fast-track toward developing technologies that will benefit football players, the military and other members of our society
The NFL Foundation, a nonprofit organization representing the 32 NFL teams, focuses on the issues most important to the game — youth football, protecting players, and community involvement. Since 1973, the foundation has contributed more than $430 million to charities and youth football programs.
A five-year, $45 million commitment to USA Football in 2014 for its Heads Up Football health and safety effort and youth and high school football programs .
More than $12.5 million to nonprofit science partners to support NFL PLAY 60, an ongoing national initiative to increase the wellness of young fans. Since PLAY 60 was launched in 2007, the NFL has committed more than $300 million to youth health and fitness through programming, grants and media time for public service announcements.
Millions more in grants for youth sports, after-school and other programs , including support of NFL players’ philanthropic endeavors.GIVING BACK TO CAUSES
The NFL Foundation raises millions more for prominent causes by lending its support to the nation’s most respected organizations, such as the American Cancer Society in the battle against breast cancer and Mothers Against Drunk Driving to prevent and end alcohol-impaired driving and related deaths. NFL and its teams each year salute the nation’s active-duty service members and veterans by raising millions of dollars for organizations that support them.
The league’s players and 32 teams provide additional resources through their own charitable foundations. NFL players also give back through volunteerism: During the season, many players spend their days off volunteering at local schools, shelters and hospitals and helping out in their communities in other ways.GIVING BACK TO PLAYERS
The NFL also takes care of its own. Money from player fines is donated through the NFL Foundation to the NFL Player Care Foundation and the NFL Players Association’s Player Assistance Trust, both of which assist former players. Since 2009, about $4 million a year has been used to help former players.
Learn more about how the NFL takes care of its own:
NFL Player Engagement initiatives provide future and former players with career training, health and wellness support, and other resources. Player Engagement Prep stresses education, community service and leadership development to student-athletes in football and other sports to help them succeed on and off the field. NFL Player Engagement Next helps players prepare for their life away from the football field. Retired players can connect with peers and legends and get career training so they can transition into their next careers. They also learn ways to live well long after they leave the game.
And the NFL helps current and former players in times of need. The NFL Life Line gives any NFL players and their family members access to an independent crisis line for confidential assistance. NFL Total Wellness offers former players and their families a comprehensive set of services to stay healthy and live well — physically, emotionally and financially. Eligible players with certain medical or mental health conditions or at retirement age may be eligible for financial benefits, including monthly pensions.
These are just some of the ways the NFL is making a difference on and off the field. As steward of a sport watched and enjoyed by millions of people in America and around the world, the NFL has a special responsibility to further causes that contribute to the health and well-being of its fans and the community. The league looks forward to continuing this long tradition of public service for many years to come.Related Content
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It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.Back to Top
NFL Football Operations’ mission is to establish a culture of clarity, consistency and credibility in all aspects of the greatest game. Football is an essential piece of America’s fabric, uniting fans, players and communities with a simple yet powerful bond. We honor our game’s history while continuing to innovate and preserve our sport for future generations of fans, players, coaches, teams and officials.
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