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Bayer Leverkisen

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Bayer Leverkusen

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Bayer 04 Leverkusen Fußball

Bayer 04 Leverkusen Fußball is a German football club based in Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia. It is the most well-known department of TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen, a sports club whose members also participate in athletics, gymnastics, basketball and other sports.

[edit] History [edit] Origins and the early years

On November 27, 1903 Wilhelm Hauschild wrote a letter – signed by 107 of his fellow workers – to his employer, the Friedrich Bayer and Co, seeking the company's support in starting a sports club. The company agreed to support the initiative and on July 1, 1904 Turn- und Spielverein Bayer 04 Leverkusen was founded.

On May 31, 1907 a separate football department was formed within the club. In the culture of sports in Germany at the time there was significant animosity between gymnasts and other types of athletes. Eventually this contributed to a split in the club: on June 8, 1928, the footballers formed a separate association – Sportvereinigung Bayer 04 Leverkusen – that also included the handball and fistball players, athletics, and boxing, while the gymnasts carried on as TuS 04. SV Bayer 04 Leverkusen took with them the club's traditional colours of red and black, with the gymnasts adopting blue and yellow.

Through this period and into the 30's, SV 04 played third and fourth division football. In 1936, they earned promotion to the second highes class of play of the period. That was also the year that the club wore the familiar "Bayer" cross for the first time. They made their first appearance in upper league play in 1951 in the Oberliga West and played there until 1956 after which they were relegated. Leverkusen would not return to the upper leagues until 1962, just one season before the formation of Germany's new professional league, the Bundesliga. The next year saw the club in the tier II Regionalliga West where their performances over the next few seasons left them well down the league table.

[edit] Entry to the Bundesliga

SV04 made something of a breakthrough in 1968 by winning the division title, but were unable to advance through the playoff round to first division. They were relegated again in 1973, but made a quick return to what was now the 2.Bundesliga after just one season down. Four years later the team handily secured a place in the Bundesliga to begin play there in the 1979-80 season.

By the mid-80's Leverkusen had played their way into the upper half of the league table and were well-established there by the end of the decade. It was during this time, in 1984, that the two halves of the club that had parted ways over half a century before were re-united as TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen e.V. The new club took red and white as their colours, but the footballers kept their now-familiar red and black jerseys.

In addition to becoming an established Bundesliga side the club earned its first honours with a dramatic win in the 1988 UEFA Cup. Down (0:3) to Espanyol after the first leg of the final, they drew even in the return match and then captured the title (3:2) on penalty kicks.

The same year, long-time Bayer executive Reiner Calmund became general manager of the club. This is regarded as one of the most important moves in Bayer history, as Calmund ushered in a decade and a half of the club's greatest success through shrewd, far-sighted player acquisitions.

After German reunification in 1990, Calmund was quick to sign East German stars Ulf Kirsten, Andreas Thom and Jens Melzig. The three players would become instant crowd favourites and make significant contributons to the team. Calmund also established groundbreaking contacts in Brazil, befriending Juan Figer, one of that country's most powerful player agents. Over the next few years, budding superstars like Jorginho and Paulo Sergio joined the team, as did Czech star Pavel Hapal. They also signed charismatic players like Bernd Schuster and Rudi Völler, helping to ensure the team's popularity and growing success.

The club captured its next honours in 1993 with a 1-0 win in the German Cup over a surprising Hertha BSC Berlin amateur squad. After a near disaster in 1996 when the club faced relegation, Bayer Leverkusen established itself as a powerful side offering a technically pleasing offensive style of play under new trainer Christoph Daum and helped by the signing of players like Lúcio, Emerson, Ze Roberto and Michael Ballack. Daum was later to be famously fired for a cocaine scandal that also cost him his ascent to the role of national team coach.

[edit] The Almost Champions

The team earned a series of top four finishes from 1997 to 2002 that included four second place finshes. The finishes of 2000 and 2002 were heart breaking for supporters as on both occasions the team had the Bundesliga title within its grasp. In 2000, Bayer needed only a draw against minnows SpVgg Unterhaching to take the title, but an own goal by Ballack helped send the team to a crushing (0:2) defeat, while Bayern Munich clinched the title with a (3:1) victory over Werder Bremen. Two years later Bayer surrendered a five point lead atop the league table by losing two of its last three matches while Borussia Dortmund swept ahead with three consecutive victories in its final matches. The 2002 season has been dubbed the "Treble Horror" as Leverkusen was also beaten in the German Cup final (2:4) by Schalke 04, and lost the UEFA Champions League final to Real Madrid(1:2). Still the team earned the honours as the first team ever to reach the Champions League final without winning a national championship before. They even had to qualify first for the participation in that year´s Champions League.

[edit] Recent years

The club went through startling reversals of fortune in the next two seasons. In the 2002 offseason Bayer lost midfield stars Michael Ballack and Zé Roberto to archrivals Bayern Munich. The team flirted with relegation through most of the 2002-03 season leading to the firing of Klaus Toppmöller, who had coached the team during its most successful years, and his replacement by the inexperienced Thomas Hörster. Charismatic coach Klaus Augenthaler took up the reins in the last game of the season and helped avoid disaster with a win over his previous club 1. FC Nürnberg. He then led Leverkusen to a third place finish the following year.

Early in the 2005, Augenthaler was in turn fired as manager after Bayer got off to their worst Bundesliga start in over twenty years, with only one win in their first four league matches and a (0:1) home loss to CSKA Sofia in the first leg of their UEFA Cup match-up. Former German national coach Rudi Völler was named caretaker manager. Michael Skibbe, who was Rudi Völler's assistant coach with the national team was named as his successor in October. Skibbe turned their season around and guided the club to a 5th place finish, earning a UEFA Cup place.

[edit] Club culture

In contrast to many other German soccer clubs, which hold close ties to their proletarian roots, Bayer strives for a clean, family-friendly image. The BayArena has the reputation of being one of the most family-friendly soccer stadiums in Germany.

Unfortunately, Bayer Leverkusen is perceived by some to have an ongoing image problem of a different sort. Although they are a financially healthy club with a stable of strong players, many fans of the oldschool clubs denounce Bayer as a "plastic club" without traditions or a committed fan base, existing solely as a creature of their rich pharmaceutical company sponsor. This is not unknown in football and other famous clubs like PSV Eindhoven, Parma and FC Sochaux share a similar reputation.

[edit] Honours
  • German Cup: 1993
  • UEFA Cup: 1988
  • Bundesliga runners-up: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002
  • German Cup finalist: 2002
  • Champions League finalist: 2002
[edit] Players [edit] Current squad [edit] Bayer Leverkusen's "Squad of the Century"

On May 21, 2004, Bayer announced their "Bayer Leverkusen Squad of the Century". Over 4,000 fans participated in an Internet vote, choosing from a slate of 51 player candidates.

Other articles

Bayer 04 Leverkusen Explained

Bayer 04 Leverkusen Explained

Bayer 04 Leverkusen Fußball GmbH, also known as Bayer 04 Leverkusen in German pronounced as /ˌbaɪ̯ɐ ˈleːvɐˌkuːzn̩/, Bayer Leverkusen, Leverkusen or simply Bayer, is a German football club based in Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia. [3] The club plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system, and hosts matches at the BayArena. [4] [1]

The club was founded in 1904 by employees of the German pharmaceutical company Bayer, whose headquarters are in Leverkusen and from which the club draws its name. It was formerly the best-known department of TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen, a sports club whose members also participate in athletics, gymnastics, basketball and other sports including the RTHC Bayer Leverkusen (rowing, tennis and hockey). In 1999 the football department was separated from the sports club and is now a separate entity formally called Bayer 04 Leverkusen GmbH. [4]

Bayer Leverkusen have won one DFB-Pokal and one UEFA Cup. [5] Their local rivals are 1. FC Köln. [6]

Origins and early years

On 27 November 1903, Wilhelm Hauschild wrote a letter – signed by 170 of his fellow workers – to his employer, the Friedrich Bayer and Co., seeking the company's support in starting a sports club. [7] The company agreed to support the initiative, and on 1 July 1904 Turn- und Spielverein Bayer 04 Leverkusen was founded. [7] On 31 May 1907, a separate football department was formed within the club. [7] In the culture of sports in Germany at the time, there was significant animosity between gymnasts and other types of athletes. Eventually this contributed to a split within the club: on 8 June 1928, the footballers formed a separate association – Sportvereinigung Bayer 04 Leverkusen – that also included the handball and fistball players, athletics, and boxing, while the gymnasts carried on as TuS Bayer 04 Leverkusen. SV Bayer 04 Leverkusen took with them the club's traditional colours of red and black, with the gymnasts adopting blue and yellow.

Through this period, and into the 1930s, SV Bayer 04 Leverkusen played third and fourth division football. In 1936, they earned promotion to the second highest class of play of the period. [8] That was also the year that the club wore the familiar "Bayer" cross for the first time. [8] They made their first appearance in upper league play in 1951, in the Oberliga West and played there until 1956, after which they were relegated. SV Bayer 04 Leverkusen would not return to the upper leagues until 1962, just one season before the formation of Germany's new professional league, the Bundesliga. The next year saw the club in the Regionalliga West, tier II, where their performances over the next few seasons left them well down the league table.

2. Bundesliga to Bundesliga, UEFA Cup, and DFB-Pokal

SV Bayer 04 Leverkusen made something of a breakthrough in 1968 by winning the division title, but was unable to advance through the playoff round to the first division. The club was relegated again in 1973, but made a quick return to what was now called the 2. Bundesliga after just one season spent in the third division. Four years later, the club handily secured a place in the Bundesliga to start to play there in the 1979–80 season.

By the mid-1980s, SV Bayer 04 Leverkusen had played its way into the upper half of the league table and was well-established there by the end of the decade. It was during this time, in 1984, that the two-halves of the club that had parted ways over a half century earlier were re-united as TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen e.V. The new club took red and white as its colours.

In addition to becoming an established Bundesliga side, the club earned its first honours with a dramatic win in the 1988 UEFA Cup. Down 0–3 to Espanyol after the first leg of the final, Bayer Leverkusen drew even in the return match and then captured the title on penalty kicks, 3–2. [9] [10]

That same year, long-time Bayer Leverkusen executive Reiner Calmund became the general manager of the club. This is regarded as one of the most important moves in the club's history, as Calmund ushered in a decade and a half of the club's greatest successes through shrewd, far-sighted player acquisitions.

After the German reunification in 1990, Reiner Calmund was quick to sign East German stars Ulf Kirsten, Andreas Thom and Jens Melzig. The three players would become instant crowd favourites, and make significant contributions to the team. Calmund also established groundbreaking contacts in Brazilian football, befriending Juan Figer, one of Brazil's most powerful player agents. Over the next few years, budding superstars, such as Jorginho and Paulo Sérgio, joined the team, as did Czech star Pavel Hapal. The club also signed charismatic players, such as Bernd Schuster, and Rudi Völler, helping to ensure the team's popularity and growing success.

The club captured its next honour in 1993 with a 1–0 win in the DFB-Pokal over a surprising Hertha BSC amateur squad on 12 June 1993. [10] [11] In the following season, in a game also known for its 45 m "German Goal of the Year" by Schuster (a goal which was later also named "Goal of the Decade"), Bayer played Eintracht Frankfurt early in the season, and, as both a "tip of the hat" to its own history as well as an attempt to perhaps upset the Frankfurt team, Bayer played in its new third colours, which were old-fashioned red and black stripes, similar jerseys to those Frankfurt generally wore at the time. This proved so popular with the fans that, very shortly thereafter, the team reverted to its "retro" colours of red and black, colours used on all home jerseys ever since.

After a near disaster in 1996 when the club faced a relegation battle, Bayer Leverkusen established itself as a powerful side, offering a technically pleasing offensive style of play under new coach Christoph Daum, who was also helped by the signing of players such as Lúcio, Emerson, Zé Roberto and Michael Ballack. Daum was later to be famously fired for a cocaine scandal that also cost him his ascent to the role of the Germany national team coach. [12] [13]

The Almost Champions

The team earned a series of four second-place finishes from 1997 to 2002. The finishes of 2000 and 2002 were heart-breaking for supporters as on both occasions the team had the Bundesliga title within its grasp. In 2000, Bayer Leverkusen needed only a draw against SpVgg Unterhaching to win the title, but an own goal by Michael Ballack helped send the team to a crushing 2–0 defeat, while Bayern Munich clinched the title with a 3–1 victory over Werder Bremen. Two years later, the club surrendered a five-point lead atop the league table by losing two of its last three matches while Borussia Dortmund swept ahead with three consecutive victories in its final matches. The 2002 season has been dubbed the "Treble Horror", as Bayer Leverkusen were also beaten 4–2 in the DFB-Pokal final by Schalke 04 and lost the UEFA Champions League final 2–1 to Real Madrid, which also led to some of the English-language media dubbing them "Neverkusen". [14] [15] [16] Leverkusen was the first team to reach the final of the Champions League without ever having won a national championship. [17]

Recent years

The club went through startling reversals of fortune in the next two seasons. In the 2002 off-season, the team lost influential midfield stars Michael Ballack and Zé Roberto to archrivals Bayern Munich. The team then flirted with relegation through most of the 2002–03 season, leading to the firing of Klaus Toppmöller, who had coached the team during its most successful year, and he was replaced by the inexperienced Thomas Hörster. Charismatic coach Klaus Augenthaler took up the reins in the last two games of the season and helped avoid disaster with a win over his previous club, 1. FC Nürnberg. He then led Bayer Leverkusen to a third-place finish and a Champions League place the following year.

That following season's run in the Champions League saw the club get some measure of revenge on Real Madrid, opening its group stage campaign with a 3–0 rout of the Spanish giants, [18] helping Leverkusen to win the group. [19] Leverkusen, however, was defeated in the first knockout round by eventual champions Liverpool. [20] [21] The club finished sixth during the 2004–05 season to qualify for the next season's UEFA Cup.

Early in 2005, Augenthaler was fired as manager after the club got off to its worst Bundesliga start in over 20 years, with only one win in its first four league matches and a 0–1 home loss to CSKA Sofia in the first leg of its UEFA Cup match-up. [22] Former Germany national team manager Rudi Völler, who had been named sporting director prior to the season, took charge of five matches as caretaker manager. [23] [24] Michael Skibbe, who was Völler's assistant coach with the national team, was named as his successor in October 2005. [24] Skibbe turned Leverkusen's season around and guided the club to a sixth-place finish in 2006, earning another UEFA Cup place, and then repeated that feat with a fifth place Bundesliga finish in 2007. [24]

The 2007–08 season was not a successful one for Leverkusen despite a good start to the season; five out of the last ten league matches were lost to clubs in the lower half of the table. Michael Skibbe was heavily criticised towards the end of the season after he continuously changed his starting line up. Bayer Leverkusen also lost a lot of its support towards the end of the season: in the 1–2 home loss against Hertha BSC, the Leverkusen fans caused much commotion, with fans chanting for the sacking of Skibbe, while some Ultras, who had seen enough, set fire to their jerseys and threw them onto the field. Michael Skibbe was sacked soon thereafter, leaving the club on 21 May 2008, with club officials stating that his departure was due to the failure to qualify for the following season's UEFA Cup group stage. [25]

The 2008–09 season got off to a great start for Bayer Leverkusen under new manager Bruno Labbadia, who the club had acquired from 2. Bundesliga club SpVgg Greuther Fürth. [26] As the season progressed, however, the team failed to achieve any wins against top clubs in the Bundesliga. Leverkusen did manage to reach the DFB-Pokal final on 30 May 2009 in Berlin, but fell 0–1 to Werder Bremen. [24] [27] Leverkusen finished the season in ninth place in the Bundesliga table and Labbadia moved to Hamburger SV in June 2009. [28] Shortly thereafter, Leverkusen presented Jupp Heynckes as its new manager, who had previously managed Bayern Munich after Jürgen Klinsmann's departure. [29]

Club culture

In contrast to many other German football clubs, which hold close ties to their working-class roots, Bayer Leverkusen strives for a clean, family-friendly image. [30] The BayArena has the reputation of being one of the most family-friendly football stadiums in Germany. [30] Ironically, Bayer 04 was the first Bundesliga club whose fans identified themselves as Ultras and the city of Leverkusen is one of the old industrial cities of Germany. [31]

Bayer Leverkusen is perceived by some to have an ongoing image problem of a different sort. [32] Although they are a financially healthy club with a stable of strong players, many fans of the traditional clubs denounce Bayer Leverkusen as being a "plastic club" without traditions or a committed fan base, existing solely as a creation of their rich pharmaceutical company sponsor – Bayer AG. [33] [34] As a result, the club and their fans have started to emphasize their industrial origins with pride, calling themselves "Werkself" (Eng. "Factory team", "Millhanders") or "Pillendreher" (Eng. "Tablet twisters"). [35] [36]

Bayer Leverkusen's corporate origins, however, are far from unique. Other clubs, including PSV, Carl Zeiss Jena and Sochaux, share a similar reputation of being works teams. [37] [38] As distinguished from the various Red Bull teams (Salzburg, New York and Leipzig) which has been established or redefined in the recent past primarily for commercial reasons, the formation of Bayer Leverkusen was motivated by the idea of promoting the living conditions of local factory workers early in the 20th century. In view of this tradition, UEFA allows Bayer Leverkusen to use the brand name Bayer in European club competitions while disallowing such naming practices most notably to Red Bull Salzburg. [39]

Domestic European
  • German Under 19 championship
    • Champions: 1986, 2000, 2007
    • Runners-up: 1995, 2001, 2003, 2010
  • German Under 17 championship
    • Champions: 1992, 2016
  • Under 19 Bundesliga West
    • Champions: 2007, 2010
Players Players out on loan Past players Women's section
  • Richest football clubs
External links Notes and References
  1. Web site: Bayer 04 Leverkusen – BayArena. Bundesliga. 9 October 2014.
  2. Web site: Bayer 04 Leverkusen: Our Lineup 2013/14. Bayer Leverkusen. November 2013. 9 October 2014.
  3. Web site: Sports – moving moments. NRW Invest. 9 October 2014.
  4. Web site: Bayer 04 Leverkusen – Club Data. Bundesliga. 9 October 2014.
  5. Web site: Bayer 04 Honours. Bayer Leverkusen. 9 October 2014.
  6. Web site: FC Köln derby a Saturday fixture. Bayer Leverkusen. 25 September 2014. 9 October 2014.
  7. Web site: The Early Years – It all Started with a Letter. Bayer Leverkusen. 9 October 2014.
  8. Web site: The Thirties – The Bayer Emblem on the Shirt. Bayer Leverkusen. 9 October 2014.
  9. Web site: 1987/88: Resurgent Leverkusen hold their nerve. UEFA. 1 June 1988. 9 October 2014.
  10. Web site: Leverkusen. UEFA. 9 October 2014.
  11. Web site: DFB Cup 1992/1993. Fussball Daten. 9 October 2014.
  12. Web site: Germany Unity Series: From Messiah To Judas – Christoph Daum and the Cocaine Scandal. Goal.com. 19 November 2010. 9 October 2014.
  13. Web site: [https://www.theguardian.com/football/2009/may/20/seven-deadly-sins-football-gluttony-part-two Gluttony – part two]. The Guardian. 20 May 2009. 9 October 2014.
  14. Web site: 10 end-of-season collapses. Goal.com. 1 June 2013. 9 October 2014.
  15. Web site: 'Neverkusen' ghost haunts final. 28 June 2002. 9 October 2014.
  16. Web site: Bayer Leverkusen closing in on first their Bundsliga title to end 'Neverkusen' jibes. The Telegraph. 30 November 2009. 9 October 2014.
  17. http://www.soccerbox.com/blog/bayer-leverkusen-team-profile/
  18. Web site: [https://www.theguardian.com/football/2004/sep/16/match.sport2 Real humbled by Leverkusen]. The Guardian. 16 September 2004. 9 October 2014.
  19. Web site: Leverkusen dismantle Dynamo. UEFA. 9 December 2004. 9 October 2014.
  20. Web site: [https://www.theguardian.com/football/2005/mar/09/minutebyminute.sport1 Leverkusen 1 – 3 Liverpool (Aggregate: 2 – 6)]. The Guardian. 8 March 2005. 9 October 2014.
  21. Web site: 2004/05: Liverpool belief defies Milan. UEFA. 25 May 2005. 9 October 2014.
  22. Web site: CSKA Sofia 1–0 Leverkusen. UEFA. 29 September 2005. 9 October 2014.
  23. Web site: Rudi Völler Biography. History of Soccer. 9 October 2014.
  24. Web site: The New Millennium – Knocking on Europe's Door. Bayer Leverkusen. 9 October 2014.
  25. Web site: Leverkusen sack coach Skibbe. FIFA. 21 May 2008. 9 October 2014.
  26. Web site: Labbadia heuert als neuer Trainer in Leverkusen an. ESPNFC. 25 May 2008. 11 October 2014. German.
  27. Web site: Werders Triumph dank Özil. Kicker. 30 May 2009. 9 October 2014. German.
  28. Web site: Labbadia seeks continuity for Hamburg. FIFA. 7 June 2009. 9 October 2014.
  29. Web site: Heynckes in Leverkusen vorgestellt. Bild. 6 June 2009. 9 October 2014. German.
  30. Web site: Bayer Leverkusen. Adidas Soccer Travel. 9 October 2014.
  31. Web site: Ultra culture of the city colors. Ultras Leverkusen. 9 October 2014. German.
  32. Web site: The impact of company-run clubs in German football. Bundesliga Fanatic. 3 June 2013. 9 October 2014.
  33. Web site: Champions League scouting report: Bayer Leverkusen can cause Manchester United problems on the break. Mirror. 16 September 2013. 9 October 2014.
  34. Web site: Germany's forgotten team want to be noticed. Reuters. 17 October 2013. 9 October 2014.
  35. Web site: Werkself secure 1–0 win against Augsburg. Bayer Leverkusen. 24 September 2014. 9 October 2014.
  36. Web site: Portal – Werkself.de fan forum. Wekself. 9 October 2014. German.
  37. Web site: [https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football-economic-plight-throws-spanner-in-the-works-as-gary-lineker-joins-a-football-team-owned-by-toyota-jasper-rees-looks-at-factory-clubs-at-home-and-abroad-1474281.html Football: Economic plight throws spanner in the works]. The Independent. 21 February 1993. 9 October 2014.
  38. Web site: [https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jul/09/wallabies-red-bull-sport-sponsorship Sport sponsorship has gone too far]. The Guardian. 9 July 2013. 9 October 2014.
  39. Web site: From spare-time sixth-tier coach to hard-pressing Bundesliga-topper: The rise and rise of Roger Schmidt. Four Four Two. 17 September 2014. 9 October 2014.

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